Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is the most commonly used psychotherapy in counselling support; developed in the 1960’s, it draws on Greek and Eastern influences and links thoughts, to behaviours. Delivered in a structured framework, the sessions are educative, collaborative with homework assigned to the client. The therapeutic relationship is facilitative and instructive with an element of being controlled and developed around the treatment.

CBT has a strong record of positive influence in treating depression and anxiety, eating disorders, and more recently a support in symptom management of psychotic illness. CBT has provided the backdrop for further development of ‘Third wave therapies’ such as dialectic behavioural therapy